In search of Nirvana depicts the contemporary western China and my introspective road trip. These photographs were made in 12 provincial-level regions in western China from 2013 to 2018.


The project investigates the concept of motherland, the collision of modernity and nostalgia. Having spent my childhood in Hong Kong, the idea of China was vague. China was too distant from me, not only physically, but importantly also in its ideology. 


China is the developing country with rapid economic rise. Especially the coastal regions of eastern China, has benefited greatly from the economic reform since from 1978. However, the western half of China, where seen as a difficult region in building a well-off society in an all-round way, is lagged behind severely. Since 2000, China launched the “go west” strategy in order to boost the economic development in 12 western provincial-level regions.


With the development of western China, a variety of social issues come into my attention. I first traveled to western China in 2013 and began to observe the daily life of the people in the region, when Premier Li Keqiang said 2016-2020 is a crucial time for western regions to achieve transformation and upgrading, to see how the development changes people’s life. However, the superficially economic success seems not able to secure the dignity of the grassroots.


While I was exploring during the road trips, the project evolved to a multi-layer narrative which is also about the Chineseness and the perception towards motherland from a Hongkonger. Nirvana is a Buddhism term, which has a close meaning to disengagement. Buddhists believes that they can find Nirvana in the west. Once people arrive to the Nirvana, he or she can reach endless happiness and suffer no pain. I started the journey in search of Nirvana as well as finding the answer to who I am.

Copyright © 2015-2020 Jimmy Lee.
All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

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